Robert and Sylvia Mangold, blank holiday card with hand-written message on front (cover)

Dorothy and Herbert Vogel Collection of Artist Postcards, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, Gallery Archives

Robert Mangold

American, Born 1937

Robert Mangold was at the center of Minimalism as it emerged in the 1960s. His classmates at Yale University included Brice Marden, Nancy Graves, and Richard Serra, and he worked as a security guard at the Museum of Modern Art with Sol Lewitt and Robert Ryman. In 1967, he won a National Endowment for the Arts grant and in 1969, a Guggenheim Fellowship. In 1971, he had his first solo museum exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum. Mangold’s work was included in the Jewish Museum’s first exhibition of minimalist painting in 1965, and he has remained committed to restrained geometric compositions and shaped canvasses throughout his long and distinguished career.

Heather Campbell Coyle, Delaware Art Museum, January 2010
All works by Robert Mangold

Dreishpoon, Douglas. Robert Mangold: Context and Commission: An Exhibition, with essays by Douglas Dreishpoon and Marla Prather; commentary by William Pedersen; interview with Robert Mangold. New York: Abrams, 2009.

Robert Mangold: Zone Paintings, March 21-April 26, 1997, Drawings for Zone Paintings, April 25-June 7, 1997, with essay by Alexander Van Grevenstein. New York: PaceWildenstein, 1997.

Robert Mangold: Paintings, 1971-84, with essays by I. Michael Danoff and Mark Stevens. Akron, Ohio: Akron Art Museum, 1984.

Shiff, Richard. Robert Mangold, with essays by Richard Shiff, Robert Storr, Arthur C. Danto, Nancy Princenthal and an interview with Sylvia Plimack Mangold. London: Phaidon Press, 2000.

Waldman, Diane. Robert Mangold. New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1971.